If you visit Google with keywords “Chinese tourists,” then you will find a collection of articles that mention them “too rough” or “the worst.” Surf the web and you will find examples of that behavior: destruction of ancient temples, fights with flight attendants, and unnecessary fights with the authorities in the various countries they visit.
And it's not only English-language media that questions the behavior of Chinese tourists, even the Chinese press itself openly criticizes many of the country's travelers as “disobedient” or “uncivilized,” and the Chinese government has banned some of them from traveling altogether.
So what makes the “Chinese tourists” this is so famous?
Rather than answering the question explicitly, I want to give some context to this problem. After doing some research myself, I found the following answers are some important points to remember.
Traveling is still relatively new for Chinese people
For one time, most Chinese never leave the country until the year 2001, 98 percent of Chinese citizens do not have a passport and today, 90 percent is also still not, the word Wendy Min, Ctrip spokesman, China's largest online travel agency. Compare with more than 40 percent of Americans and more than 50 percent of Canadians and Britons who are passport holders.
traced the history of outbound tourism from China, a country that has historically prevented its citizens from crossing borders, still relatively short. Only after the death of Mao Zedong in the year 1978, Chinese people can get out of the country to relax, and not until the year 1997 they can travel outside the nearest Asian countries, even only with “planned way, organized and controlled.”
Today, many people continue to leave China for the first time, and given the amount of growth experienced by the Chinese tourism market – expected to double from 160 million a year 2018 Becomes 400 million projected in the year 2030, menurut Chinese Outbound Tourism Institute (COTRI) – there will be more Chinese tourists first going abroad in the coming years.
China has just experienced a period of unprecedented growth
Not only many Chinese tourists come out to travel for the first time, but they are armed with a new level of purchasing power unknown to previous generations.
To give some perspective, in the year 1978 China's GDP per capita only 155 current U.S. dollars, making it almost impossible for most people to travel abroad even if they were permitted by the communist authorities. Currently, China's GDP per capita is 8.830 USD, providing a lifestyle of Chinese citizens that is on average different from the lifestyle of the '80s and' 90s era.
That lifestyle includes traveling, access to products that are not available or high taxes and are too expensive in the domestic market. Therefore, many Chinese tourists prioritize shopping as a major part of their trip, or even travel with the main purpose to do it. According to the report 2017 by Nielsen and Alipay, Chinese tourists spend nearly twice as much for shopping as non-Chinese tourists.
According to Dr. Tony Tse, a professor at the University of Hong Kong Polytechnic University's Hotel and Tourism Management who carried out research on Mainland China outbound tourism to Hong Kong, The main reasons for Chinese tourists prioritizing shopping are three: able to buy genuine products, saving money, and show off their purchases when they get home.
The money they spend makes waves – one fifth of global tourism spending made by Chinese tourists, according to a report last year by the United Nations World Tourism Organization.
Tiongkok adalah pasar sumber wisata terbesar di dunia, and many choose to travel in large groups
The amount of expenditure is in line with the extraordinary number of Chinese tourists who travel each year, a group is projected to reach more than a quarter of the global overseas tourist market in the year 2030. But the influx of Chinese tourists and their money has not been a boon for the world economy – and that also becomes a source of tension, often in nearby places.
Hong Kong, for example, called on the government to limit the number of tourists from Mainland China earlier this year after visitors from across the border pushed the number of tourists to Hong Kong out of control. The large number of Mainland Chinese tourists has caused traffic jams and disturbances, according to Hong Kong residents.
There is also increasing tension between locals and Chinese tourists in Southeast Asia. Some of them are due to historical factors, partly because of the economy. In Cambodia, where the tourism industry is the biggest part of the country's GDP, of 32,4 percent, Chinese visitors tend to spend their money on businesses owned by Chinese expats rather than Cambodians. Exclamation the tourisme it also came from European popular destinations and even from within China itself.
The preferred travel method for Chinese tourists over the past two decades is group tour packages, which can sometimes make matters worse in destinations that are not suitable for large groups.
For example, last year at Cambridge, the historic city of a British university highway with a modest population size, residents called for a limit to the number of Chinese tourism groups due to increasing congestion.
This tourism method makes sense for many Chinese travelers, especially for first-time travelers and the average person is above 50 year, kata Min.
They choose to travel in a group tour package "for convenience, ease of application, and several factors associated with “cost", he said, indicates that travel visas can sometimes be obtained free of charge when traveling with a package group, Russian visa is the best example.
Besides practicality, group travel is also rooted in the history of mainland China's tourism. Following the economic reforms of the 80s, tour package groups are the only way Chinese citizens can get out of the country to relax, and travel styles remain the top choice for many people.
Orang Tiongkok bukanlah wisatawan pertama yang dicap “tidak diinginkan”
Belum lama berselang, turis-turis Amerika dipandang sebagai turis yang tidak diinginkan dan tidak berbudaya, mereka mendapat label “Ugly Americans” karena ketidaktahuan dan perilaku etnosentris mereka. Orang Inggris dinamai oleh beberapa survei di tahun 2000-an sebagai wisatawan terburuk di dunia karena dugaan mabuk dan perkelahian.
Dengan kata lain, mahkota “turis terburuk” memang telah beredar sebelumnya, and remember that Chinese tourists are the newest and largest group in the world, it is not surprising that they have claimed this bad title in recent years.
And the same, like not all English people get drunk, and not all Americans are arrogant, not all Chinese are tourists “evil”. "Most Chinese tourists are very polite, what we have seen in the media are some extraordinary cases,” kata Emily Cheung, Founder and CEO of STW Innovation Company Limited, which gives young Chinese people tips for independent travel abroad.
And many things are changing
“Chinese people, especially the younger generation has changed, they travel alone rather than on group tours,” Cheung continued. "More than 70% Chinese travelers traveling abroad now choose to go independently, according to several surveys. The adventures and cultural journeys are undoubtedly increasingly appealing to wealthy young Chinese tourists. Because the number of trips out of China aboard exceeded 150 million people in the year 2018, more travelers are looking for ways to stand out among their friends by starting uncharted territory, they are looking for experience. ”