Aceh Miskin, Kenapa ?

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Data faktual angka kemiskinan Aceh yang tercatat di Badan Pusat Statistik pada bulan September 2019 to reach 15,01 Percent or almost 810 thousands of poor people, has made Aceh the poorest province in Sumatra.

In calculating poverty, BPS uses the concept of basic needs, dimana pendekatan ini, poverty is seen as the inability of economic agents to meet basic food and non-food needs measured along the poverty line (food and not food).

Some components of the Aceh poverty line have been published by BPS Aceh in the Poverty Profile and Inequality of Aceh Population Expenditures in September 2019 No. 04/01/11/Th.XXIII, 15 January 2020.

Nationally, Households will be categorized as poor if income is below 1,99 million / month. Which is surprising, rokok kretek filter masih menjadi komoditi makanan nomor 2 (two) which has a big influence on the poverty line of 9,72 percent in urban areas and 10,78 percent in the countryside, besides rice and tuna / tuna / skipjack.

While non-food commodities that affect the poverty line are as big as housing 5,53 percent in urban areas and 4,73 percent in rural areas, fuel (4,41 percent in urban areas and 3,93 percent in rural areas and electricity (3,16 percent in urban areas and 1,86 percent in rural areas). (BPS Aceh).

An opinion from Jasman J Makruf, entitled Poor Cigarettes, estimates the expenditure of Acehnese people to spend on cigarettes equally 7,6 Trillions with an assumption of Rp.10,000 / pack / day from 1,87 million lives of smokers. (https://aceh.tribunnews.com/2019/02/09/rokok-pangkal-miskin).

Talk about cigarettes, There must be different efforts in the awareness of the dangers of smoking for the community, not enough with anti-smoking campaigns, Rising customs and sanctions Qanun rules on the Area without Shop.

The Linkage of Cigarettes to Health and Sports becomes a new alternative in educational programs for social activists starting from an early age so that there is a proud attitude to not smoking or smoking in social relationships..

Talking about the need for housing as a contributor to poverty is a concern, Aceh's housing needs are still very high coupled with rising rental prices have supported property developers to look at this as a profitable business.

Charitable funds itself through Baitul Mal in Aceh 2019 has allocated as much as the poor's house construction budget 1100 unit rumah namun harus ditunda pelaksanaannya, karena keterbatasan waktu dalam proses pengerjaan dan akan di mulai pada awal tahun 2020.

The delay in this process certainly made several parties, both ombusmand and NGOs, see weaknesses in bureaucratic services in the Aceh Government, because it takes almost 2 verified prospective dhuafa house recipient year 2018 to be able to enjoy the fruits of development.

From the Budget and Poverty side, The status of the poorest provinces is a big question mark, karena berbanding terbalik dengan anggaran yang dikucurkan untuk Aceh baik dana desa sebesar 4,95 Trillions and Aceh Special Autonomy funds amounting to 8,35 Trilyun selama Tahun 2019.

Sebuah pendapat dari Sofyan Syahnur dalam opininya yang dimuat di Media Serambi Indonesia telah melihat adanya “planning Trap” or The planning trap becomes a factor for sustainable development in Aceh. (https://aceh.tribunnews.com/2012/09/26/planning-trap-pembangunan-berkelanjutan)

Development priorities are ineffective and right on target, and the most unfortunate infrastructure development is not supported by the community empowerment program itself.

Talk of labor, the tendency to use labor for development projects from outside Aceh also drives income per capita “asoe lhok” juga menurun dan hal yang paling mendasar disebabkan etos kerja pekerja Aceh.

There is a tendency for Acehnese workers to question work commitments with high price standards for wages, coupled with the mindset of the Acehnese people who have already seen the Project as having a large profit, regardless of the number commitment fee which has become an open secret known as the term “hak pawang”.

Culture “Coffee and coffee” Acehnese also allegedly made working hours ineffective, imagine starting work hours 9 morning, with time coffee break twice a day, around the clock 11 before noon and hour 3 Afternoon plus afternoon break.

Source : Pesona.Travel

A local wisdom that is in plain view is a matter of culture and mindset, making business people choose to employ workers from outside Aceh.

Excessive social costs in terms of customs also pose a dilemma in the culture of the Acehnese people, khanduri and thanksgiving events in various forms ranging from children's descent. circumcision, layered walimah, Identical “Meugang” with meat and build a friendly relationship with “Teumuntuk”, telah mendorong Aceh menjadi provinsi yang kaya Adat namun menggerus pengeluaran perkapita.

Defending culture with phrases ” The disease is contagious, mate adat pat tamita’ (read on : child dies there is a grave, lost customs where should we look for) must be reconstructed again, which at least keeps the adat but is able to finalize household expenses related to traditions that are ingrained in Acehnese society.

From the other side, Aceh's consumptive culture also encourages the behavior of spending money on wants not needs. Prestige with social status, has triggered people to spend money without long-term calculations, kemudahan mengakses kredit telah mendorong perusahaan leasing atau pinjaman kredit tumbuh subur di Aceh, Kemudahan mendapatkan sepeda motor bahkan mobil baru atau alat alat elektronik dengan uang muka kecil telah berefek pada kemampuan finansial masyarakat dalam memenuhi kebutuhan dasar rumah tangga.

Dari sisi Produksi, Usaha Rumah Tangga dan mikro tidak mampu bersaing di pasaran karena kurangnya daya inovasi dan kreativitas masyarakat ditambah lagi mulai menurunnya budaya Gotong Royong telah menempatkan kegiatan sosial kemasyarakatan di Aceh seperti panen padi bersama, perbaikan saluran irigasi sawah, membangun rumah warga fakir dan kegiatan sosial lain menurun drastis.

Dari Gambaran di atas terlihat beberapa faktor yang mendorong Aceh Miskin secara Struktural, butuh penelitian lebih lanjut sebagai upaya menemukan hal hal yang subtansial terhadap faktor kemiskinan, sehingga intervensi Pemerintah Daerah mampu menemukan formulasi yang tepat dalam mengentaskan kemiskinan di Aceh.

Finally, satu hal yang perlu di ingat bagi kita semua, Kondisi Awak Aceh setelah di timpa konflik berkepanjangan dan musibah Tsunami 2004 memiliki angka kemiskinan sebesar 32,6 % in the year 2005.

Rekor buruk ini juga harus dilihat secara seimbang BPS Aceh mencatat penurunan sebanyak 9000 person (15,32 %) dari data bulan Maret 2019, sehingga angka kemiskinan Tahun 2019 turun sebesar 0,31 Persen dan ini merupakan nilai tertinggi di Sumatera dan peringkat no 7 secara Nasional.

Wallahu aqlam bishawab.

Round, 19 January 2020.

 

 

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